Chair. Daphne Nicolitsas
Daphne Nicolitsas is, since Feb 2014, an Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics of the University of Crete. Prior to that she worked in economic policy related jobs and in the financial sector. Her main research interests lie in labour economics and in industrial organization, fields in which she has publications in international journals. Currently, she is co-ordinating an EU-funded project, with partners from top EU Universities, on the structure and conduct of Employers’Associations in the EU.
Vangelis Karamanolakis, Angeliki Christodoulou & Vassilis Gonis, “The University against the antidictatorial student movement. The Disciplinary Board of the University of Athens (1967-1974)”
The paper will offer some preliminary findings of an ongoing research project on the role of the University of Athens Disciplinary Board in the 20th century. Our research draws on the untapped archive of the University of Athens Disciplinary Board and explores the disciplinary policy and practices of the institution towards students in a changing political and social landscape. The focus of this paper will be on changes in the institution’s disciplinary policy under an authoritarian regime such as the seven-year military dictatorship. It will first highlight the effects of the junta’s suffocating control within the institution on the number of cases and nature of student misconduct. Secondly, it will try to point out how the development of the student movement against the dictatorship led to the closer cooperation of the university with the law enforcement authorities.
Vangelis Karamanolakis is an Assosiate Professor in Theory and History of Historiography at the National and Kapodristrian University of Athens (NKUA). He is also President of the Historical Archive (NKUA) and Vice President of the Society’s Board of Directors of the Contemporary Social History Archives. He has published several books and articles about theory of history, Greek historiography, memory studies, history of dictatorship (1967-1974), history of institutions etc. His last book: An Unwanted Past. The Files of Social Convictions and their Destruction in 20th century, Athens 2019 (prized by the Academy of Athens).
Aggeliki Christodoulou is a PhD student at Panteion University, she is working on a thesis about students of the University of Athens at the interwar period. She is also a research associate of the Contemporary Social History Archives. She has published articles on topics related to the history of the interwar period, the student and youth movement in Greece at the 20th Century, female students in higher education, etc.
Vassilis Gonis is a PhD student in modern and contemporary Greek history at the National and Kapodristrian University of Athens, working on a thesis called University and State Authority: The purges of academic staff at the University of Athens in the 20th century. Ηe is collaborating with Angeliki Christodoulou and Vangelis Karamanolakis on the research project “The University as a Punisher: Control mechanisms and discipline practices. The Disciplinary Board of the University of Athens (1911-1974)”, funded the ESPA programme 2014-2020 ,“support for researchers with emphasis on young re-searchers”.
Nikos Papadakis & Stylianos Ioannis Tzagkarakis “Hanging the ax” of discipline. The Higher Education Policy of the April Dictatorship in Greece and Students’ resistance to the Dictatorship”
The proposed paper analyzes the main components, ideological features and practices that constitute the (overall) educational and specifically, the university policy of the April Dictatorship in Greece (1967-1974).
The analysis of the relevant research material shows that this policy was characterized by:
• the intention to redefine the relations of the Universities with the («occupied») State,
• the coordinated effort to insert specific ideological authoritarian interpretations in the Discourses and Policies for Higher Education and consequently, in the reform efforts of the Dictatorship,
• the institutionalization of a new economy of power based on control technologies which favored the formation of (ideologically over-determined) discipline and extended state intervention into every aspect of the Higher Education Institutions,
• the construction of a surveillance, punishment, control and discipline framework, strictly demarcated and authoritarian.
Simultaneously, this policy aimed a) at an extensive criminalization of behavior, as well as of the “non-nationalistic” and ideologically “un-orthodox” thinking in Universities and in other Educational Institutions, b) at the reduction of any degree of teaching staff’s and students’ autonomy, and c) at the promotion of some alleged- ostensible, seemingly «liberal», measures and proposals. The ultimate objective was both these specific measures and the overall (authoritarian) university policy to become feasible (legitimizing- permissible strategy) and subsequently implemented.
In addition, students’ (persistent, influential and multi-level) resistance (at the level of both Discourse and Political Action) to the University «Reforms» attempted by the April Dictatorship, as well as against the Dictatorship per se and subsequently to the State and Constitutional infringement, will be also analytically examined and contextualized.
Nikos Papadakis: Professor and Director of the Centre for Political Research and Documentation (KEPET) at the Department of Political Science of the University of Crete. He is a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Academy of Globalization and Education Policy (AGEP) of the Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China. Further, he is the Deputy Director of the UCRC, namely the University of Crete Research Center for the Humanities, the Social and Education Sciences, while he is a Member of the Scientific Board of the National Centre of Public Administration and Local Government (EKDDA) of Greece. He has 170 publications, in Greek, English, French and Chinese. He is the author of 11 books- monographs, in Greek and English, while he has edited 10 books.
Dr. Stylianos Ioannis Tzagkarakis is a postdoctoral researcher at the Centre for Political Research and Documentation (KEPET), teaching fellow at the Department of Political Science of the University of Crete, General Secretary of the Hellenic Association of Political Scientists (HAPSc) and member of the ECPR Political Culture Standing Group. He has worked as a key researcher in a significant number of research projects, funded by European and National sources. His research interests focus, inter alia, on issues related to social policy, public policy, social vulnerability, social rights, immigration, and health policies.